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From Abstract to Manipulatable – The Hybridization Explorer, A Digital Interactive for Studying Orbitals

submitted on 15.06.2020, 19:56 and posted on 17.06.2020, 11:02 by Sarah Wegwerth, Jason S. Overby, Christopher J. Douglas, Julia Winter, Gianna Manchester, Joseph Engalan

The abstract nature of atomic and hybrid orbitals makes it a challenging concept for students to understand. Presented is the Hybridization Explorer, a web-based interactive learning tool, for manipulating and experimenting with hybridization concepts. Through the explorer students can explore both the combination of atomic orbitals, and the visual representation of both atomic and hybrid orbitals and corresponding bond formation. Case studies from an undergraduate and graduate-level demonstration of the explorer are described. Finally, self-reported student confidence levels on solving hybridization questions both before and after use of the explorer are analyzed and discussed.


NSF SBIR 1659983


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United States

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Declaration of Conflict of Interest

The authors declare no conflict of interest