Diagram-based Input for Large Language Models to Support Accessible STEM Learning

28 November 2023, Version 1
This content is a preprint and has not undergone peer review at the time of posting.


To meet the accessibility needs of students who are blind or have low vision (BLV), detailed textual descriptions of STEM diagrams within interactive learning tools are cre-ated in real-time and correspond to the configurations of the interactive software system. The descriptions are read by screen readers as alternative (alt) text to provide infor-mation for BLV students to compose mental representa-tions of the diagram. These descriptions provide a unique bridge from the visual language of STEM diagrams to natural language of Large Language Models (LLMs). By interfacing with an LLM, these descriptions are used for personalized exploration by the BLV user and to guide all learners through a defined pedagogical pathway. Results from a usability study with four BLV adults are reported.


Lewis Structures
Artificial Intelligence
Large Language Models


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