MolecularWebXR: Multiuser discussions about chemistry and biology in immersive and inclusive VR

03 November 2023, Version 1
This content is a preprint and has not undergone peer review at the time of posting.


MolecularWebXR is our new website for education, science communication and scientific peer discussion in chemistry and biology built on WebXR. It democratizes multi-user, inclusive virtual reality (VR) experiences that are deeply immersive for users wearing high-end headsets, yet allow participation by users with consumer devices such as smartphones, possibly inserted into cardboard goggles for immersivity, or even computers or tablets. With no installs as it is all web-served, MolecularWebXR enables multiple users to simultaneously explore, communicate and discuss chemistry and biology concepts in immersive 3D environments, manipulating objects with their bare hands, either present in the same real space or scattered throughout the globe thanks to built-in audio features. A series of preset rooms cover educational material on chemistry and structural biology, and an empty room can be populated with material prepared ad hoc using moleculARweb's VMD-based PDB2AR tool. We verified ease of use and versatility by users aged 12-80 in entirely virtual sessions or mixed real-virtual sessions at science outreach events, student instruction, scientific collaborations, and conference lectures. MolecularWebXR is available for free use without registration at, and a blog post version of this preprint with embedded videos is available at


virtual reality
chemistry education
stem education
human-computer interaction

Supplementary weblinks


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