Atomic simulations using machine learning interatomic potential (MLIP) have gained a lot of popularity owing to their accuracy in comparison to conventional empirical potentials. However, the transferability of MLIP to systems outside the training-set poses a significant challenge. Here, we compare the transferability of three MLIP approaches: i) Neural Network Potentials (NNP), ii) Physical LassoLars Interactions Potential (PLIP) and iii) Linear Potentials with Belher-Parrinello descriptors, trained over a small but diverse configuration of zinc oxide polymorphs. We obtained good agreement between each MLIP models and density functional theory reference results for physical properties including bulk lattice parameters, surface energies, and vibrational density of states. However, the NNP model performed poorly when compared to the other two linear models for the structural optimization of nanoparticles and molecular dynamics simulation of liquid phases, which are systems outside the training-set. While providing less accurate prediction for solid Zinc Oxides phases, both linear models appear more transferable than NNP when testing for nanoscale systems and liquid phases
Comparing transferability in neural network approaches and linear models for
machine-learning interaction potentials
21 March 2023, Version 2
This content is a preprint and has not undergone peer review at the time of posting.