Stacks of a Hidden Treasure: on the Self-Assembly of Perovskite Nanoplates in Organic Solvents


In recent years, perovskite nanocrystal superlattices have been reported with collective optical phenomena, offering a promising platform for both fundamental science studies and device engineering. In this same avenue, superlattices of perovskite nanoplates can be easily prepared on different substrates, and they too present ensemble optical response. However, the self-assembly and optical properties of these aggregates in solvents have not been reported to date. Here, we report on the condition for this self-assembly to occur and show a simple strategy to induce the formation of these nanoplates stacks in suspension in different organic solvents. We combined wide- and small-angle X-ray scattering and scanning transmission electron microscopy to evaluate CsPbBr3 and CsPbI3 perovskite nanoplates with different thickness distributions. We observed the formation of these stacks by changing the concentration of nanoplates and the viscosity of the colloidal suspensions, without the need of antisolvent addition. We found that, in hexane, the concentration threshold for the formation of the stacks is rather high and approximately 80 mg/mL. In contrast, in decane, dodecane, and hexadecane, we observe a much easier self-assembly of the nanoplates, presenting a clear correlation between the degree of aggregation and viscosity. We, then, discuss the impact of the self-assembly of perovskite nanoplates on Förster resonant energy transfer. Our predictions suggest an energy transfer efficiency higher than 50%, even in a low photoluminescence quantum yield scenario, for both perovskite compositions.

Version notes

This is the final version of the work. We intend to submit via direct transfer from ChemRxiv. This new version has refined data interpretation and discussion, as well as edits on the figures.


Supplementary material

Supporting Information
Fast Fourier Transform of STEM images, schematic supporting figures, other TEM images, 2D SAXS images, methods for determination of absorption cross section.