Stacks of a Hidden Treasure: on the Self-Assembly of Perovskite Nanoplates in Organic Solvents


In recent years, perovskite nanocrystal superlattices have been reported with collective optical phenomena such as superfluorescence. The superlattices of perovskite nanoplates can be easily observed on electron microscopy grids, for example, and they too present ensemble optical response. However, little is known on the self-assembly and optical properties of the perovskite nanoplates superlattices in solvents. Here, we report on the condition for this selfassembly to occur and show a simple strategy to induce the formation of these nanoplates stacks in suspension in different organic solvents. We combined wide- and small angle Xray scattering and scanning transmission electron microscopy to evaluate CsPbBr3 and CsPbI3 perovskite nanoplates with different thickness distributions. We observed the formation of these stacks by changing the concentration and viscosity of the colloidal suspensions, without the need of antisolvent addition. We found that, in hexane, the concentration threshold for the formation of the stacks is rather high and approximately 80 mg/mL. In contrast, in decane, dodecane, and hexadecane, we observe a much easier formation of these stacks: the higher is the viscosity, the easier is the stacking of the nanoplates. We, then, discuss the impact of the proximity of the perovskite nanoplates in their colloidal stacks or solid superlattices in terms of Förster resonant energy transfer. Our predictions suggest an energy transfer efficiency higher than 50%, even in a low photoluminescence quantum yield scenario, for both perovskite compositions.

Version notes

In this new version, we have corrected some typos (including one in the title) and have edited some parts of the text to improve clarity. The main changes were made in the introduction. Also, in the SI file, the numbering of the figures was wrong (now, corrected). The general organization of the manuscript, as well as its figures, remain the same.


Supplementary material

Supporting Information
Fast Fourier Transform of STEM images, schematic supporting figures, other TEM images, 2D SAXS images, methods for determination of absorption cross section.