Reactivity of trans-Resveratrol toward Electrogenerated Superoxide in N,N-Dimethylformamide

22 November 2022, Version 1
This content is a preprint and has not undergone peer review at the time of posting.


The reactivity of 5-[(E)-2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)ethen-1-yl]benzene-1,3-diol (trans-resveratrol) and related compounds toward electrogenerated superoxide radical anion (O2•−) was investigated using electrochemistry, in situ electrolytic electron spin resonance, and in situ electrolytic ultraviolet–visible spectral measurements, in N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF) with the aid of density functional theory (DFT) calculations. The quasi-reversible cyclic voltammogram of dioxygen/O2•− was modified by the presence of trans-resveratrol, suggesting that the electrogenerated O2•− was scavenged by trans-resveratrol through proton-coupled electron transfer (PCET) via three phenolic hydroxy groups (OH) on the stilbene moiety. The reactivity of trans-resveratrol toward O2•− characterized by the OHs was experimentally confirmed in comparative analyses using some related compounds in DMF. The electrochemical and DFT results suggested that a concerted PCET mechanism via 4’OH of trans-resveratrol proceeds, where the coplanarity of the two phenolic rings in the stilbene moiety linked by an ethylene bridge is essential for a successful O2•− scavenging.


density functional theory
proton-coupled electron transfer


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