We derive a systematic and general method for parametrizing coarse-grained molecular models consisting of anisotropic particles from fine-grained (e.g. all-atom) models for condensed-phase molecular dynamics simulations. The method, which we call anisotropic force-matching coarse-graining (AFM-CG), is based on rigorous statistical mechanical principles, enforcing consistency between the coarse-grained and fine-grained phase-space distributions to derive equations for the coarse-grained forces, torques, masses, and moments of inertia in terms of properties of a condensed-phase fine-grained system. We verify the accuracy and efficiency of the method by coarse-graining liquid-state systems of two different anisotropic organic molecules, benzene and perylene, and show that the parametrized coarse-grained models more accurately describe properties of these systems than previous anisotropic coarse-grained models parametrized using other methods that do not account for finite-temperature and many-body effects on the condensed-phase coarse-grained interactions. The AFM-CG method will be useful for developing accurate and efficient dynamical simulation models of condensed-phase systems of molecules consisting of large, rigid, anisotropic fragments, such as liquid crystals, organic semiconductors, and nucleic acids.
The manuscript has been updated to include torque matching in the coarse-graining method. All simulation results have also been updated.
Supplementary Material: Systematic bottom-up molecular coarse-graining via force and torque matching using anisotropic particles