Theoretical and Computational Chemistry

Systematic Bottom-Up Molecular Coarse-Graining via Force Matching using Anisotropic Particles

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Abstract

We derive a systematic and general method for parametrizing coarse-grained molecular models consisting of anisotropic particles from fine-grained (e.g. all-atom) models for condensed-phase molecular dynamics simulations. The method, which we call anisotropic force-matching coarse-graining (AFM-CG), is based on rigorous statistical mechanical principles, enforcing consistency between the coarse-grained and fine-grained phase-space distributions to derive equations for the coarse-grained forces, masses, and moments of inertia in terms of properties of a condensed-phase fine-grained system. We verify the accuracy and efficiency of the method by coarse-graining liquid-state systems of two different anisotropic organic molecules, benzene and perylene, and show that the parametrized coarse-grained models more accurately describe properties of these systems than previous anisotropic coarse-grained models parametrized using other methods that do not account for finite-temperature and many-body effects on the condensed-phase coarse-grained interactions. The AFM-CG method will be useful for developing accurate and efficient dynamical simulation models of condensed-phase systems of molecules consisting of large, rigid, anisotropic fragments, such as nucleic acids, liquid crystals, and organic semiconductors.

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Supplementary material

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Supporting Information: Systematic Bottom-Up Molecular Coarse-Graining via Force Matching using Anisotropic Particles
Supporting information for paper