Investigating educators’ perspectives towards systems thinking in chemistry education from international contexts

04 March 2022, Version 1
This content is a preprint and has not undergone peer review at the time of posting.


Systems thinking in chemistry education (STICE) has been proposed as an approach that could better equip students with abilities to connect their chemistry knowledge with other disciplines, with the skills needed to tackle complex global issues. However, educational change in chemistry is a complex effort that involves many interconnected factors that enable or hinder chemistry educators’ adoption of new pedagogical approaches. Using an adapted version of the Teacher-Centered Systemic Reform (TCSR) model, we investigated factors that connect with chemistry educators’ willingness and ability to implement a STICE approach in their courses. We surveyed a group of 56 secondary and post-secondary chemistry educators from ten different countries, to capture chemistry educators’ perspectives towards a STICE approach. Through thematic analysis of responses, we found that educators’ willingness and ability to implement STICE is influenced by their knowledge, beliefs, experiences, contextual and personal factors. We discuss specific aspects of the reform model that experts and administrators can address to reduce barriers to implement and engage with STICE. We also highlight future chemistry education research that is needed to explore specific aspects of educators’ perspectives and STICE more broadly.


Systems thinking in chemistry education (STICE)
Systems thinking
chemistry education
educators’ perspectives
instructional change
Educational change

Supplementary materials

Supplementary materials: educator perspectives
Additional analyses


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