Profiling the Proteome-Wide Selectivity of Diverse Electrophiles

10 March 2021, Version 1

Abstract

Targeted covalent inhibitors are powerful entities in drug discovery, but their application has so far mainly been limited to addressing cysteine residues. The development of cysteine-directed covalent inhibitors has largely profited from determining their proteome-wide selectivity using competitive residue-specific proteomics. Several probes have recently been described to monitor other amino acids using this technology and many more electrophiles exist to modify proteins. Nevertheless, a direct, proteome‑wide comparison of the selectivity of diverse probes is still entirely missing. Here, we developed a completely unbiased workflow to analyse electrophile selectivity proteome‑wide and applied it to directly compare 54 alkyne probes containing diverse reactive groups. In this way, we verified and newly identified probes to monitor a total of nine different amino acids as well as the N‑terminus proteome‑wide. This selection includes the first probes to globally monitor tryptophans, histidines and arginines as well as novel tailored probes for methionines, aspartates and glutamates.

Content

Supplementary materials

Supplementary Information Zanon et al
Zanon et al Supplementary Table 1
Zanon et al Supplementary Table 2
Zanon et al Supplementary Table 3
Zanon et al Supplementary Table 4

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