Grids to Illustrate Induction and Resonance Effects: Electrophilic Aromatic Substitution

18 February 2020, Version 1
This content is a preprint and has not undergone peer review at the time of posting.


The effect of substituents on the reactivity in electrophilic aromatic substitution has been organized in a grid to demonstrate the inductive and resonance effects. This scheme can also incorporate the competition between donation and withdrawal. In class games are proposed from which undergraduate students can practice the effects while playing.


Advanced undergraduate
organic chemistry for chemistry majors
aromatic chemistry
electrophilic substitution
resonance effects
induction effects


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