Biological and Medicinal Chemistry

Nitroreductase-Mediated Release of Inhibitors of Lysine-Specific Demethylase 1 (LSD1) from Prodrugs in Transfected Acute Myeloid Leukaemia Cells

Abstract

Lysine-specific demethylase 1 (LSD1) has evolved as a promising therapeutic target for cancer treatment, especially in acute myeloid leukaemia (AML). To approach the challenge of site-specific LSD1 inhibition, we developed an enzyme-prodrug system with the bacterial nitroreductase NfsB (NTR) that was expressed in the virally transfected AML cell line THP1-NTR+. The cellular activity of the NTR was proven with a new luminescent NTR probe. We synthesised a diverse set of nitroaromatic prodrugs that by design do not affect LSD1 and are reduced by the NTR to release an active LSD1 inhibitor. The 2-nitroimidazolyl prodrug (1f) of a potent LSD1 inhibitor emerged as one of the best prodrug candidates with a pronounced selectivity window between wild-type and transfected NTR+ cells. Our prodrugs are selectively activated and release the LSD1 inhibitor locally in turn blocking colony formation. This system may be applied in future targeting approaches to reach tissue- or organ-type-specific inhibition of LSD1.

Version notes

1.0 Original version 1.1. Abstract and keywords modified

Content

Thumbnail image of Final NTR manuscript 20191022.pdf

Supplementary material

Thumbnail image of Final SUPPORTING INFORMATION.pdf
Final SUPPORTING INFORMATION