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Metal-Assisted Plasma Etching of Silicon: A Liquid-Free Alternative to MACE

preprint
submitted on 11.04.2018, 17:43 and posted on 12.04.2018, 13:56 by Julia Sun, Benjamin Almquist
For decades, fabrication of semiconductor devices has utilized well-established etching techniques to create complex nanostructures in silicon. Of these, two of the most common are reactive ion etching in the gaseous phase and metal-assisted chemical etching (MACE) in the liquid phase. Though these two methods are highly established and characterized, there is a surprising scarcity of reports exploring the ability of metallic films to catalytically enhance the etching of silicon in dry plasmas via a MACE-like mechanism. Here, we discuss a metal-assisted plasma etch (MAPE) performed using patterned gold films to catalyze the etching of silicon in an SF6/O2 mixed plasma, selectively increasing the rate of etching by over 1000%. The degree of enhancement as a function of Au catalyst configuration and relative oxygen feed concentration is characterized, along with the catalytic activities of other common MACE metals including Ag, Pt, and Cu. Finally, methods of controlling the etch process are briefly explored to demonstrate the potential for use as a liquid-free fabrication strategy.

Funding

Wellcome Trust (109838/Z/15/Z)

History

Email Address of Submitting Author

b.almquist@imperial.ac.uk

Email Address(es) for Other Author(s)

j.sun15@imperial.ac.uk

Institution

Imperial College London

Country

United Kingdom

ORCID For Submitting Author

0000-0001-9718-777X

Declaration of Conflict of Interest

No Conflicts of Interest

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