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Influence of a Single Ether Bond on Assembly, Orientation, and Miscibility of Phosphocholine Lipids at the Air-Water Interface
preprintrevised on 15.12.2020, 07:51 and posted on 16.12.2020, 12:05 by Matthias Hoffmann, Simon Drescher, Christian Schwieger, Dariush Hinderberger
How does a small change in the structure of a phospholipid affect its supramolecular assembly? In aqueous suspensions, the substitution of one ester linkage in DPPC (1,2-dipalmitoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine) by an ether linkage alters its phase behaviour completely. To unravel the effect of replacing a phospholipid’s ester linkage by an ether linkage in lipid monolayers, we characterized pure monolayers of the model lipid DPPC and its sn-2 ether analogue PHPC (1-palmitoyl-2-O-hexadecyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine) as well as mixtures of both by measurements of surface pressure – molecular area (π–A_mol) isotherms. In addition, we used infrared reflection absorption spectroscopy (IRRAS) and epifluorescence microscopy to study lipid condensation, lipid chain orientation, headgroup hydration, and lipid miscibility in all samples.