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HAO-20190223-2Practical.pdf (397.8 kB)

Hybrid Atomic Orbitals in Organic Chemistry. Part 2: Critique of Practical Aspects

submitted on 23.02.2019, 21:11 and posted on 25.02.2019, 17:43 by Guy Lamoureux, J. F. Ogilvie
The importance of hybrid atomic orbitals, in both general and organic chemistry, is reviewed. Every contemporary textbook of organic chemistry introduces the sp3, sp2, sp model, but the suitability of these hybrid orbitals for use in the teaching of molecular structure has been increasingly questioned. Based on a critical survey of the literature, we submit seven practical criteria that deprecate the use of hybrid orbitals in a pedagogical context. We suggest how the teaching of organic chemistry without hybrid orbitals will provide students with an enhanced education.


Email Address of Submitting Author


Universidad de Costa Rica


Costa Rica

ORCID For Submitting Author


Declaration of Conflict of Interest

No conflict of interest

Version Notes

Version 20190223