These are preliminary reports that have not been peer-reviewed. They should not be regarded as conclusive, guide clinical practice/health-related behavior, or be reported in news media as established information. For more information, please see our FAQs.
2 files

Femtosecond Pumping Rate Dependence of Fragmentation Mechanisms in Matrix-Assisted Laser Desorption Ionization

revised on 27.11.2018 and posted on 28.11.2018 by Cornelius Pieterse, Frederik Busse, Friedjof Tellkamp, Wesley D. Robertson, R. J. Dwayne Miller
The fragmentation mechanisms of matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI) for femtosecond ultraviolet laser pulses in a transmission geometry are characterized on the basis of the well-known benzyltriphenylphosphonium (BTP) thermometer ion. We demonstrate that the survival yield of BTP approaches unity under these conditions, which suggests that a minimal amount of fragmentation is occurring. It is shown that, while the survival yield of BTP is insensitive to the fluence within the studied fluence range, the magnitude of fragmentation for the matrix increased notably with increasing fluence. While nonlinear absorption and ionization are expected to lead to large matrix fragmentation rates, the high BTP survival yields indicate a reduced amount of energy being transferred from the matrix to these BTP thermometer ions. The femtosecond ablation employed here results in increased heating rates and occurs within the fully stress-confinement regime, which minimizes the matrix-analyte interaction during the ablation event. This interpretation is supported by our finding that angiotensin was the largest biomolecule which could be routinely be measured with femtosecond pulses. The spatio-temporal overlap between a neutral biomolecule and matrix ions resulting from this process is too short to result in sufficient proton exchange for ionization.


Email Address of Submitting Author


Max Planck Institute for the Structure and Dynamics of Matter



ORCID For Submitting Author


Declaration of Conflict of Interest


Version Notes

Revised initial preprint per suggestions from the reviewers