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Nucleation and Structural Identification in Gold Particles of High Aspect Ratios Developed through Mechanistic Approach

revised on 01.02.2020 and posted on 03.02.2020 by Mubarak Ali, I-Nan Lin
A precise structure of colloidal particles is being discussed here. Formation mechanism of nanoparticles and particles having geometrical shapes is discussed in a different way. Dimensional regularity of such nanoparticles and particles gives new insight. At electronically flat solution surface, two different zones have been found developing tiny-shaped particles in less elongation of atoms as well as more elongation of atoms. Tiny-shaped particles in less elongation of atoms nucleate particles of one-dimensional (1D) shapes and those in more elongation of atoms nucleate multi-dimensional (MD) shapes. To assemble at a common point forming at the centre of concave meniscus on solution surface, structures of smooth elements at electronically decreasing level solution surface deal with exertion of force in immersing manner. In addition to the orientation of an electron and the position of its atom, style of energy knot clamping electron also varies exertion of force on it. Particles of geometrical shapes show different structures in their 1D and MD shapes. By identification of a structure, a mechanism of photon reversion is disclosed. In the selected area patterns of particles, experimental proof of printing spots of reverted force of photons reflected from different electronic structures of elongated atoms validates that photons are not necessarily carried by the electrons.


Ministry of Science and Technology, Taiwan (NSC-102-2811-M-032-008)


Email Address of Submitting Author


COMSATS University Islamabad



ORCID For Submitting Author


Declaration of Conflict of Interest

no conflict of interest