Deep learning methods for de novo peptide sequencing

27 May 2024, Version 1
This content is a preprint and has not undergone peer review at the time of posting.


Protein tandem mass spectrometry data is most often interpreted by matching observed mass spectra to a protein database derived from the reference genome of the sample being analyzed. In many application domains, however, a relevant protein database is unavailable or incomplete, and in such settings de novo sequencing is required. Since the introduction of the DeepNovo algorithm in 2017, the field of de novo sequencing has been dominated by deep learning methods, which use large amounts of labeled mass spectrometry data to train multi-layer neural networks to translate from observed mass spectra to corresponding peptide sequences. Here, we describe these deep learning methods, outline procedures for evaluating their performance, and discuss the challenges in the field, both in terms of methods development and evaluation protocols.


Comments are not moderated before they are posted, but they can be removed by the site moderators if they are found to be in contravention of our Commenting Policy [opens in a new tab] - please read this policy before you post. Comments should be used for scholarly discussion of the content in question. You can find more information about how to use the commenting feature here [opens in a new tab] .
This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy [opens in a new tab] and Terms of Service [opens in a new tab] apply.