Active learning of ligands that enhance perovskite nanocrystal luminescence

03 May 2024, Version 1
This content is a preprint and has not undergone peer review at the time of posting.


Ligands play a critical role in the optical properties and chemical stability of colloidal nanocrystals (NCs), but identifying ligands that can enhance NC properties is daunting given the high dimensionality of chemical space. Here we use machine learning (ML) and robotic screening to accelerate the discovery of ligands that enhance the photoluminescence quantum yield (PLQY) of CsPbBr3 perovskite NCs. We developed a ML model designed to predict relative PL enhancement of a perovskite NC when it is coordinated with a ligand selected from a pool of 29,904 candidate molecules. Ligand candidates were selected using an active learning (AL) approach that accounted for uncertainty quantified by twin regressors. After seven experimental iterations of batch AL (corresponding to 21 initial and 72 model-recommended ligands), the uncertainty of the model decreased, demonstrating increased confidence in the model predictions. Feature importance and counterfactual analyses on model predictions illustrate the potential use of ligand field strength in designing PL enhancing ligands. Our versatile AL framework can be readily adapted to screen the effect of ligands on a wide range of colloidal nanomaterials.


surface chemistry
machine learning
active learning
metal halide perovskite


Comments are not moderated before they are posted, but they can be removed by the site moderators if they are found to be in contravention of our Commenting Policy [opens in a new tab] - please read this policy before you post. Comments should be used for scholarly discussion of the content in question. You can find more information about how to use the commenting feature here [opens in a new tab] .
This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy [opens in a new tab] and Terms of Service [opens in a new tab] apply.