beta-Silicon Effect Enables Metal-Free Site-Selective Intermolecular Allylic C−H Amination

08 March 2024, Version 1
This content is a preprint and has not undergone peer review at the time of posting.


α-Amino silanes and their derivatives play pivotal roles across diverse applications, yet their current synthetic methods often entail intricate functional group manipulations. Despite the widespread use of allyl silanes as carbon nucleophiles in organic synthesis, their participation in allylic C–H functionalization has been underexplored. Herein, we unveil a metal-free intermolecular C−H amination of allyl silanes facilitated by the β-silicon effect. This protocol yields α-amino silanes with exceptional site-selectivity. Notably, a wide array of secondary and tertiary α-amino silanes are synthesized in high yields without desilylation, owing to the mild reaction conditions and a unique reaction pathway. Mechanistic elucidations highlight the activation effect of the silyl moiety on alkenes, alongside its stabilizing influence on adjacent developing positive charges, which selectively drives a closed transition state, ensuring remarkable site-selectivity.


α-amino silane
C−H aminatio
b-silicon effect

Supplementary materials

supporting information
Synthetic procedures, characterization of products


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