DeltaGzip: Computing Biopolymer-Ligand Binding Affinity via Kolmogorov Complexity and Lossless Compression

06 March 2024, Version 1
This content is a preprint and has not undergone peer review at the time of posting.


The design of bio-sequences for biosensing and therapeutics is a challenging multi-step search and optimization task. In principle, computational modeling may speed up the design process by virtual screening of sequences based on their binding affinities to target molecules. However, in practice, existing machine-learned models trained to predict binding affinities lack the flexibility with respect to reaction conditions, and molecular dynamics simulations that can incorporate reaction conditions suffer from high computational costs. Here, we describe a computational approach called DeltaGzip that evaluates the free energy of binding in biopolymer-ligand complexes from ultra-short equilibrium molecular dynamics simulations. The entropy of binding is evaluated using the Kolmogorov complexity definition of entropy and approximated using a lossless compression algorithm, Gzip. We benchmark the method on a well-studied dataset of protein-ligand complexes comparing the predictions of DeltaGzip to the free energies of binding obtained using the Jarzynski equality and experimental measurements.


free energy of binding
binding affinity
molecular dynamics
Kolmogorov complexity


Comments are not moderated before they are posted, but they can be removed by the site moderators if they are found to be in contravention of our Commenting Policy [opens in a new tab] - please read this policy before you post. Comments should be used for scholarly discussion of the content in question. You can find more information about how to use the commenting feature here [opens in a new tab] .
This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy [opens in a new tab] and Terms of Service [opens in a new tab] apply.