Annotating Materials Science Text: A Semi-Automated Approach for Crafting Outputs with Gemini Pro

28 February 2024, Version 1
This content is a preprint and has not undergone peer review at the time of posting.


Recent advancements in large language models (LLMs) have paved the way for automated information extraction in the materials science domain. However, fine-tuning these models, crucial for effective machine learning pipelines in materials science, is hindered by a lack of pre-annotated data. Manual annotation, a laborious process, exacerbates the challenge. To address this, we introduce a tailored semi-automated annotation process, using Google's Gemini Pro language model. Our approach focuses on two key tasks: extracting information in structured JSON format and generating abstractive summaries from materials science texts. The collaborative process, a symbiotic effort between human annotators and the LLM, driven by structured prompts and user-guided examples, enhances the annotation quality and augments the LLM's capacity to comprehend materials science intricacies. Importantly, it streamlines human annotation efforts by leveraging the LLM's proficient starting point.


Materials Science
Natural Language Processing
Data Annotation
Semi-Automated Annotation
Information Extraction
Language Models


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