Switch to Phosphoresce: S-winged Terrylene Diimide Exhibits Switching between Red TADF and Near-IR Room Temperature Phosphorescence

16 February 2024, Version 1
This content is a preprint and has not undergone peer review at the time of posting.


Herein, we report the first example of a terrylene diimide derivative that switches emission between thermally activated delayed fluorescence (TADF) and room temperature phosphorescence (RTP) in the red region. By design, the molecule TDI-cDBT boasts a symmetrical, consecutively fused nine-ring motif with a kite-like structure. The rigid core formed by the annulated dibenzothiophene moiety favoured efficient intersystem crossing and yielded a narrow-band emission with a full-width half maxima (FWHM) of 0.09 eV, along with high colour purity. A small DES1-T1 of 0.04 eV facilitated a thermally activated delayed fluorescence, enhancing the quantum yield to 88% in the red region. Additionally, it also prefers a direct triplet emission from the aggregated state. The room temperature phosphorescence observed from the aggregates has a longer emission lifetime of 1.8 ms, which is further prolonged to 8 ms at 77 K in the NIR region. Thus, the current strategy is successful in not only reducing DES1-T1 to favour TADF but also serves as a novel platform that can switch emission from TADF to RTP depending upon the concentration.


Polyaromatic Hydrocarbons

Supplementary materials

Supporting Information
Synthetic, characterization and spectroscopic details


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