Perfluorooxosulfate Salts as SOF₄-Gas-Free Precursors to Multidimensional SuFEx Electrophiles

08 February 2024, Version 2
This content is a preprint and has not undergone peer review at the time of posting.


Sulfur(VI) Fluoride Exchange (SuFEx) chemistry stands as a well-established method for swiftly constructing complex molecules in a modular fashion. An especially promising segment of this toolbox is reserved for multidimensional SuFEx hubs: three or more substituents pluggable into a singular S(VI) centre to make ‘beyond-linear’ clicked constructions. Sulfurimidoyl difluorides (RNSOF2) stand out as the prime example of this, however their preparation from the scarcely available thionyl tetrafluoride (SOF4) renders this chemistry only available to a select few laboratories with access to this gas. In this work, we identify silver pentafluorooxosulfate (AgOSF5) as a viable SuFEx hub with reactivity equal to SOF4. The AgF2-mediated oxidation of SOCl2 gives rise to the hexacoordinate AgOSF5 adduct, which in contact with primary amines produces the sulfurimidoyl fluorides in high yields. In addition, we have found this workflow to be fully extendable to the trifluoromethyl homologue, AgOSF4CF3, and we propose the use of AgOSF4X salts as a general route to azasulfur SuFEx electrophiles from commercial starting materials.


thionyl tetrafluoride
sulfurimidoyl fluoride
sulfonimidoyl fluoride

Supplementary materials

Supporting Information
Experimental procedures and spectra.


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