The role of quantum information in HEOM trajectories

01 February 2024, Version 1
This content is a preprint and has not undergone peer review at the time of posting.


Open quantum systems often operate in the non-Markovian regime where a finite history of a trajectory is intrinsic to its evolution. The degree of non-Markovianity for a trajectory may be measured in terms of the amount of information flowing from the bath back into the system. In this study we consider how information flows through the auxilary density operators (ADOs) in the hierarchical equations of motion (HEOM). We consider three cases for a range of baths,underdamped, intermediate and overdamped. By understanding how information flows, we are able to determine the relative importance of different ADOs within the hierarchy. We show that ADOs sharing a common Matsubara axis behave similarly while ADOs on different Matsubara axes behave differently. Using this knowledge we are able to truncate hierarchies significantly, thus reducing computation time, while obtaining qualitatively similar results. This is illustrated by comparing 2D electronic spectra for a molecule with an underdamped vibration subsumed into the bath spectral density.


Quantum Information


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