Machine learning from quantum chemistry to predict experimental solvent effects on reaction rates

10 January 2024, Version 3
This content is a preprint and has not undergone peer review at the time of posting.


Fast and accurate prediction of solvent effects on reaction rates are crucial for kinetic modeling, chemical process design, and high-throughput solvent screening. Despite the recent advance in machine learning, a scarcity of reliable data has hindered the development of predictive models that are generalizable for diverse reactions and solvents. In this work, we generate a large set of data with the COSMO-RS method for over 28,000 neutral reactions and 295 solvents and train a machine learning model to predict the solvation free energy and solvation enthalpy of activation (ΔΔG‡solv, ΔΔH‡solv) for a solution phase reaction. On unseen reactions, the model achieves mean absolute errors of 0.71 and 1.03 kcal/mol for ΔΔG‡solv and ΔΔH‡solv, respectively, relative to the COSMO-RS calculations. The model also provides reliable predictions of relative rate constants within a factor of 4 when tested on experimental data. The presented model can provide nearly instantaneous predictions of kinetic solvent effects or relative rate constants for a broad range of neutral closed-shell or free radical reactions and solvents only based on atom-mapped reaction SMILES and solvent SMILES strings.


kinetic solvent effect
solution phase reaction
solvation free energy
machine learning for reaction

Supplementary materials

Supporting Information
Details on data sets, machine learning models, and pre-training set results

Supplementary weblinks


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