A Framework to Simulate Molecular Collisions

09 January 2024, Version 1
This content is a preprint and has not undergone peer review at the time of posting.


Although usually ignored for a more intuitive macroscopic understanding, molecular collisions are the foundation of almost every chemical event - from chemical reactions to transport phenomena. On the molecular level, a chemical reaction is an exchange (or sometimes knocking off) of atoms between molecules as a result of energetically significant collisions. The current simulation paradigm is based on simulating bulks of molecules, requiring high computational resources. In such simulations sometimes the molecules are not allowed to react, as in the case of classical MD, or require a significant amount of computational resources and time to conclude, as in the case of ab initio MD. Without any fine-tuning to allow a more outcome-oriented approach, the results of such simulations require even more computational resources and sometimes human effort to analyze for meaningful results. To answer these limitations, a novel methodology is developed based on a more fine-tuned approach for simulations. Its Python implementation based on current state-of-the-art libraries and supporting applications based on globally accessible web technologies is presented as a software framework. focuses on fine-tuning the collision parameters before running the simulation. Individual linear velocities, positions, and orientations of the molecules can be defined as well as the impact points on each molecule. Our framework is based on ASE - a computational chemistry library for Python and consists of a web application to design the collisions in detail.


molecular collision simulation
reaction prediction
reaction intermediate

Supplementary weblinks


Comments are not moderated before they are posted, but they can be removed by the site moderators if they are found to be in contravention of our Commenting Policy [opens in a new tab] - please read this policy before you post. Comments should be used for scholarly discussion of the content in question. You can find more information about how to use the commenting feature here [opens in a new tab] .
This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy [opens in a new tab] and Terms of Service [opens in a new tab] apply.