Laser induced temperature-jump time resolved IR spectroscopy of zeolites

15 November 2023, Version 1
This content is a preprint and has not undergone peer review at the time of posting.


Combining pulsed laser heating and time-resolved infrared (TR-IR) absorption spectroscopy provides a means of initiating and studying thermally activated chemical reactions and diffusion processes in heterogeneous catalysts on timescales from nanoseconds to seconds. To this end, we investigated single pulse and burst laser heating in zeolite catalysts under realistic conditions using TR-IR spectroscopy. 1 ns, 70 µJ, 2.8 µm laser pulses from a Nd:YAG-pumped optical parametric oscillator were observed to induce temperature-jumps (T-jumps) in zeolite pellets in nanoseconds, with the sample cooling over 1 – 3 ms. By adopting a tightly focused beam geometry, T-jumps as large as 145 °C from the starting temperature were achieved, demonstrated through comparison of the TR-IR spectra with temperature dependent IR absorption spectra and three dimensional heat transfer modelling using realistic experimental parameters. The simulations provide a detailed understanding of the temperature distribution within the sample and its evolution over the cooling period, which we observe to be bi-exponential. These results provide foundations for determining the magnitude of a T-jump in a catalyst/adsorbate system from its absorption spectrum and physical properties, and for applying T-jump TR-IR spectroscopy to the study of reactive chemistry in heterogeneous catalysts.


infrared spectroscopy
laser spectroscopy
ultra-fast time resolved spectroscopy
temperature-jump spectroscopy
laser heating
heat transfer simulations

Supplementary materials

Laser induced temperature-jump time resolved IR spectroscopy of zeolites – Electronic Supplementary Information
Additional discussion, calculation and figures as referred to in main article


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