Diaporphasines E and F: New polyketides from the saprotrophic fungus Lachnum sp. IW157 growing on the reed grass Phragmites communis

09 October 2023, Version 1
This content is a preprint and has not undergone peer review at the time of posting.


Chemical investigation of the mycelial extract of a saprotrophic fungus Lachnum sp. IW157 growing on the common reed grass Phragmites communis afforded the identification of two polyketide metabolites diaporphasines E (1) and F (2). Chemical structures of isolated compounds were unambiguously elucidated based on extensive 1D and 2D NMR spectral analyses in addition to their high-resolution mass spectrometry. The isolated compounds were assessed for their cytotoxicity, antimicrobial and biofilm inhibitory activities. While compound 1 revealed potent cytotoxicity against the tested cell lines L929 and KB3.1 with IC50 values of 0.9 and 3.7 µM, respectively, compound 2 exhibited moderate effects on the formation of S. aureus biofilms at 31.25 µg/mL.


biofilm inhibition


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