Convergent Synthesis of a Hexadecavalent Heterobifunctional ABO Blood Group Glycoconjugate

03 October 2023, Version 1
This content is a preprint and has not undergone peer review at the time of posting.


Naturally occurring glycans are often found in a multivalent presentation. Cell surface receptors that recognize these displays may form clusters, which can lead to signalling or endocytosis. One of the challenges in generating synthetic displays of multivalent carbohydrates is providing high valency as well as access to heterofunctional conjugates to allow attachment of multiple antigens or payloads. We designed a strategy based on a set of bifunctional linkers to generate a heterobifunctional multivalent display of two carbohydrate antigens to bind BCR and CD22 with four and twelve antigen copies, respectively. We confirmed that the conjugates were able to engage both CD22 and BCR on cells by observing receptor clustering. The strategy is modular and would allow for alternative carbohydrate antigens to be attached bearing amine and alkyne groups and should be of interest for the development of immunomodulators and vaccines.


carbohydrate chemistry

Supplementary materials

Supporting information including NMR spectra
NMR spectra for compounds 4, 6, 8, 11, and 12


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