Enantioselective Aziridination of Unactivated Terminal Alkenes Using a Planar Chiral Rh(III) Indenyl Catalyst

26 September 2023, Version 1
This content is a preprint and has not undergone peer review at the time of posting.


Chiral aziridines are important structural motifs found in natural products and various important target molecules. They serve as versatile building blocks for the synthesizing chiral amines. While advances in catalyst design have enabled robust methods for enantioselective aziridination of activated olefins, simple and abundant alkyl substituted olefins pose a significant challenge. In this work, we introduce a novel approach utilizing a planar chiral rhodium indenyl catalyst to facilitate the enantioselective aziridination of unactivated alkenes. This transformation exhibits a remarkable degree of functional group tolerance and displays excellent chemoselectivity favoring unactivated alkenes over activated counterparts, delivering a wide range enantioenriched high value chiral aziridines. Computational studies unveil a stepwise aziridination mechanism in which alkene migratory insertion plays a central role. This process results in the formation of a strained four-membered metallocycle and serves as both the enantio- and rate-determining step in the overall reaction.


organic reactions

Supplementary materials

Supporting Information
Experimental details and spectroscopic data


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