Optical and scintillation properties of hybrid manganese(II) halides with formamidinium and acetamidinium cations

22 September 2023, Version 1
This content is a preprint and has not undergone peer review at the time of posting.


In recent years, hybrid manganese(II) halides (HMHs) have attracted wide attention due to their impressive optical properties, low toxicity, and facile synthetic processibility. Being effective reab-sorption-free phosphors, these compounds demonstrate the potential to be used as low-cost solu-tion-processable scintillators. However, most of the HMHs studied to date contain bulk organic cations and, as a result, are characterized by low density and low X-ray stopping power. For this reason, we studied manganese(II) halides with compact organic cations such as formamidinium (FA+) and acetamidinium (Ac+). In particular, we synthesized four new phases, two of which are characterized by octahedral coordination of manganese ions (FAMnBr3, AcMnBr3) and red emis-sion, whereas the other two have tetrahedrally coordinated Mn2+ ions (FA3MnBr5, Ac2MnBr4) and green emission. Photoluminescence (PL) and radioluminescence measurements demonstrated high PL quantum yields and reasonable scintillation light yields of acetamidinium-based compounds. In addition, unlike most known HMH-based scintillators, the discovered materials have a relatively high density, due to the small fraction of the volume occupied by organic cations, so their X-ray attenuation coefficients are comparable to the well-known oxide scintillators.


hybrid manganese halides
crystal structure


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