CO2 Reduction Beyond Copper-Based Catalysts: A Natural Language Processing Review From The Scientific Literature

21 September 2023, Version 1
This content is a preprint and has not undergone peer review at the time of posting.


Carbon dioxide (CO2) is a prominent greenhouse gas contributing significantly to global warming. To combat this issue, one strategy is the conversion of CO2 into alcohols and hydrocarbons, which can be utilized as fuels and chemical feedstocks. Consequently, a substantial volume of scientific literature has been dedicated to investigating different materials and reaction conditions to facilitate the CO2 reduction reaction (CO2RR) into these so-called high-value products. However, the vastness of this literature makes it challenging to stay updated on recent discoveries and review the most promising materials and conditions that have been explored. To address this issue, we applied natural language processing (NLP) tools to extract valuable data from 7292 published articles in the scientific literature. Our analysis revealed the emergence of new materials such as cesium-lead-bromide perovskites and bismuth oxyhalides, which have recently been used in CO2RR, and identified Bi-based catalysts as the most selective for HCOO – production. Furthermore, we gleaned insights into the composition of other elements and materials commonly employed in CO2RR, their relationship to product distribution, and the prevalent electrolytes used in CO2 electrochemical reduction (CO2ER). Our findings can serve as a foundation for future investigations in the realm of catalysts for CO2 reduction reactions, offering insights into the most promising materials and conditions to pursue further research.


CO2 Reduction Reaction
Natural Language Processing
Data Analysis

Supplementary materials

Supplementary Information – CO2 Reduction Beyond Copper-Based Catalysts: A Natural Language Processing Review From The Scientific Literature
Some additional data analyses to complement our main text.


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