Eliminating the use of critical metals in cathode materials can accelerate global adoption of rechargeable Lithium-ion batteries. Organic cathode materials, derived entirely from earth abundant elements, are in principle ideal alternatives, but have not yet challenged inorganic cathodes due to poor conductivity, low practical storage capacity, or poor cyclability. Here, we describe a layered organic electrode material whose high electrical conductivity, high storage capacity, and complete insolubility enable reversible intercalation of Li+ ions, allowing it to compete at the electrode level, in all relevant metrics, with inorganic-based lithium-ion battery cathodes. Our optimized cathode stores 306 mAh g–1cathode, delivers an energy density of 765 Wh kg–1cathode, higher than most cobalt-based cathodes, and can charge-discharge in as little as six minutes. These results demonstrate operational competitiveness of sustainable organic electrode materials in practical batteries.
A layered organic cathode for high-energy, fast-charging, and long-lasting Li-ion batteries
06 September 2023, Version 1
This content is a preprint and has not undergone peer review at the time of posting.