COATI: multi-modal contrastive pre-training for representing and traversing chemical space

25 August 2023, Version 1
This content is a preprint and has not undergone peer review at the time of posting.


Creating a successful small molecule drug is a challenging multi-parameter optimization problem in an effectively infinite space of possible molecules. Generative models have emerged as powerful tools for traversing data manifolds comprised of images, sounds, and text, and offer an opportunity to dramatically improve the drug discovery and design process. To create generative optimization methods that are more useful than brute-force molecular generation and filtering via virtual screening, we propose that four integrated features are necessary: large, quantitative datasets of molecular structure and activity, an invertible vector representation of realistic accessible molecules, smooth and differentiable regressors that quantify uncertainty, and algorithms to simultaneously optimize properties of interest. Over the course of 12 months, Terray has collected a dataset of 2 billion quantitative binding measurements, which directly motivates multi-parameter generative optimization of molecules conditioned on this data. To this end, we present COATI, a pre-trained, multi-modal encoder-decoder model of druglike chemical space. COATI is constructed without any human biasing of features, using contrastive learning from text and 3D representations of molecules to allow downstream use with structural models. We demonstrate that COATI possesses many of the desired properties of a universal molecular embedding: fixed-dimension, invertibility, autoencoding, accurate regression, and low computation cost. Finally, we present a novel metadynamics algorithm for generative optimization using a small subset of our proprietary data collected for a model protein, Carbonic Anhydrase, designing molecules that satisfy the multi-parameter optimization task of potency, solubility, and druglikeness. This work sets the stage for fully-integrated generative molecular design and optimization for small molecules.



Supplementary weblinks


Comments are not moderated before they are posted, but they can be removed by the site moderators if they are found to be in contravention of our Commenting Policy [opens in a new tab] - please read this policy before you post. Comments should be used for scholarly discussion of the content in question. You can find more information about how to use the commenting feature here [opens in a new tab] .
This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy [opens in a new tab] and Terms of Service [opens in a new tab] apply.