Non-threaded isomers of sungsanpin and ulleungdin lasso peptides inhibit H1299 cancer cell migration

23 August 2023, Version 1
This content is a preprint and has not undergone peer review at the time of posting.


Lasso peptides are a structurally distinct class of biologically active natural products, defined by their short sequences with impressively interlocked tertiary structures. Their characteristic peptide [1]rotaxane motif confers marked proteolytic and thermal resiliency, and reports on their diverse biological functions have been credited to their exceptional sequence variability. Because of these unique properties, taken together with improved technologies for their biosynthetic production, lasso peptides are emerging as a designable scaffold for peptide-based therapeutic discovery and development. Although the defined structure of lasso peptides is recognized for its remarkable properties, the role of the motif for imparting bioactivity is less understood. For example, sungsanpin and ulleungdin are natural lasso peptides that similarly exhibit encouraging cell migration inhibitory activities in A549 lung carcinoma epithelial cells despite sharing only one-third sequence homology. We hypothesized that the shape of the lasso motif is beneficial for the preorganization of the conserved residues, which might be partially retained in variants lacking the threaded structure. Herein, we describe solid-phase peptide synthesis strategies to prepare acyclic, head-to-sidechain (branched), and head-to-tail (macrocyclic) cyclic variants based on the sungsanpin (Sun) and ulleungdin (Uln) sequences. Proliferation assays and timelapse cell motility imaging studies were used to evaluate the cell inhibitory properties of natural Sun compared alongside the synthetic Sun and Uln isomers. These studies demonstrate that the lasso motif is not a required feature to slow cancer cell migration, and more generally show that these non-threaded isomers can retain similar activity to the natural lasso peptide despite the differences in their overall structures.


lasso peptides
peptide synthesis
cell migration

Supplementary materials

Supporting information
Supporting information for Non-threaded isomers of sungsanpin and ulleungdin lasso peptides inhibit H1299 cancer cell migration


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