Site-directed Conjugation of Single-Stranded DNA to Affinity Proteins: Quantifying the Importance of Conjugation Strategy

16 August 2023, Version 1


Affinity protein–oligonucleotide conjugates are increasingly being explored as diagnostic and therapeutic tools. Despite growing interest, these probes are typically constructed using outdated, non-selective chemistries, and little has been done to investigate how conjugation to oligonucleotides influences the function of affinity proteins. Herein, we report a novel site-selective conjugation method for furnishing affinity protein–oligonucleotide conjugates in a 93% yield within fifteen minutes. Using SPR, we explore how the choice of affinity protein, conjugation strategy, and DNA length impact target binding and reveal the deleterious effects of non-specific conjugation methods. Furthermore, we show that these adverse effects can be minimised by employing our site-selective conjugation strategy, leading to improved performance in an immuno-PCR assay. Finally, we investigate the interactions between affinity protein–oligonucleotide conjugates and live cells, demonstrating the benefits of site-selective conjugation. This work provides critical insight into the importance of conjugation strategy when constructing affinity protein–oligonucleotide conjugates.


Protein–DNA conjugation
Protein–oligonucleotide conjugation
Antibody–DNA conjugation
Antibody–oligonucleotide conjugation

Supplementary materials

Supplementary Information
Additional figures and methods


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