Molecular rhodium complex within N-rich porous polymer macroligand as heterogeneous catalyst for the visible-light driven CO2 photoreduction

11 August 2023, Version 1
This content is a preprint and has not undergone peer review at the time of posting.


The heterogenization of molecular catalysts within a porous solid acting as macroligand can advantageously open access to enhanced stability and productivity, and thus to more sustainable catalytic process. We report here porous organic polymer (POP) made through metal-free polymerization using bipyridine repeating units. This N-rich POP is an efficient macroligand for the heterogenization of molecular rhodium complexes. The intrinsic catalytic activity of the heterogenized catalyst is slightly higher than that of its homogeneous molecular counterpart for formic acid production as unique carbon containing product. The heterogenization of the rhodium catalysts enables recycling for a total productivity up to 8.3 grams of formic acid per gram of catalyst after 7 cycles of reaction using visible light as sole energy source.


porous polymer
carbon dioxide
formic acid
visible light

Supplementary materials

Supporting Information
Detailed experimental procedures, materials and instruments used as well as addition material characterization and literature overview.


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