Chemically reversible CO2 uptake by dendrimer-impregnated metal-organic frameworks

09 August 2023, Version 1
This content is a preprint and has not undergone peer review at the time of posting.


Industrialization over the past two centuries has resulted in a continuous rise of global CO2 emissions. These emissions are changing ecosystems and livelihoods. Therefore, methods are needed to capture these emissions from point sources and possibly from our atmosphere. Though the amount of CO2 is rising, it is challenging to capture directly from air because its concentration in air is extremely low, 0.04%. In this study, amines installed inside metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) are investigated for adsorption of CO2, including at low concentrations. The amines used are polyamidoamine dendrimers that contain many primary amines. Chemically reversible adsorption of CO2 via carbamate formation was observed, as was enhanced uptake of carbon dioxide via physisorption. Limiting factors in this initial study are comparatively low dendrimer loadings and slow kinetics for carbon dioxide uptake and release, even at 80 ˚C.


CO2 capture

Supplementary materials

Supporting Information
Solid-state 13C CP MAS NMR, SEM images, EDS elemental mapping, EDS line scans, XPS spectra, Difference Fourier electron density map, nitrogen isotherms, pore size distributions, Cumulative pore volumes, 1H NMR spectra, TGA, CO2 isotherms, DRIFTS spectra, and water isotherms.


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