Amphiphilic Acetylacetone-Based Carbon Dots

04 August 2023, Version 1


On-going development of carbon dots (CDs) for different applications calls for search of novel methods for their synthesis and surface functionalization. For fabrication of light-emitting devices (LEDs), CDs should be soluble in non-polar solvents that are used for ink-printing of their functional layers, apart from the obvious requirement of bright luminescence. Herein, we introduce amphiphilic CDs synthesized from a mixture of benzoic acid and ethylenediamine in acetylacetone, which satisfy both above mentioned requirements. These CDs are quasi-spherical nanoparticles 20-50 nm in size, holding aliphatic, carbonyl, amide, imine, and carbamate groups at the surface which renders them amphiphilic and soluble in a variety of substances with relative polarity ranging from 0.002 to 1, such as toluene, chloroform, alcohols, and water. By variation of the molar ratio of benzoic acid and ethylenediamine, an optimal value for photoluminescence quantum yield of 36 % in non-polar solvents is achieved. Importantly, these CDs are easily mixable with a charge transport polymer – polyvinylcarbazole, a common component of organic LEDs. As a demonstration of use of developed amphiphilic CDs in LEDs, green emitting charge-injection devices are fabricated with a broad emission band centered at 515 nm, maximal luminance of 1716 cd/m2, and ССT of 5627 K.


carbon dots
solvothermal synthesis


Comments are not moderated before they are posted, but they can be removed by the site moderators if they are found to be in contravention of our Commenting Policy [opens in a new tab] - please read this policy before you post. Comments should be used for scholarly discussion of the content in question. You can find more information about how to use the commenting feature here [opens in a new tab] .
This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy [opens in a new tab] and Terms of Service [opens in a new tab] apply.