Unveiling the chemical underpinnings behind the enhanced adsorption interaction of NO2 on MoS2, MoSe2, and MoTe2 transition metal dichalcogenides

18 July 2023, Version 1
This content is a preprint and has not undergone peer review at the time of posting.


The demand for efficient gas sensors has fueled research into novel materials like transition-metal chalcogenide (TMD) compounds. TMDs such as MoS2, MoSe2, and MoTe2 have shown promise in detecting NO2. However, it remains uncertain which one is best suited for this purpose. Consequently, this study employs computational methods to investigate NO2 adsorption on monolayers of MoS2, MoSe2, and MoTe2. The results show that MoTe2 exhibits the strongest interaction with the highest charge transfer, suggesting its potential for superior NO2 detection compared to MoSe2 and MoS2. The sheets share the same type of outward projecting orbitals and thus the principle model for charge projections. However, the bonding within the sheet influences the accumulation of charge within it, which in turn impacts the availability of electrons on its surface. Subsequently, the mechanism of charge transfer between the TMDs and NO2 remains the same, but more available charge results in an enhanced adsorption interaction. The described mechanism is likely to affect the adsorption of other acceptor-type molecules (e.g., CO2, SO2, H2S, or BF3) and also be behind differences in charge transfer observed among group VI compounds (e.g., MoS2 and WS2).


transition metal dichalcogenides
surface interactions

Supplementary materials

Optimized structures
Supporting information includes the optimized structures of remaining adsorption configurations of NO2@MoS2, NO2@MoSe2, and NO2@MoTe2.


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