Stereoselective Alder-ene Reactions of Bicyclo[1.1.0]butanes: Facile Synthesis of Cyclopropyl- and Aryl-substituted Cyclobutenes

11 July 2023, Version 1
This content is a preprint and has not undergone peer review at the time of posting.


Bicyclo[1.1.0]butanes (BCBs), strained carbocycles comprising two fused cyclopropane rings, have become well-established building blocks in organic synthesis, medicinal chemistry and chemical biology due to their diverse reactivity profile with radicals, nucleophiles, cations and carbenes. The constraints of the bicyclic ring system confers high p-character on the interbridgehead C–C bond, leading to this broad reaction profile; however the use of BCBs in pericyclic processes has to date been largely overlooked in favor of such stepwise, non-concerted additions. Here we describe the use of BCBs as substrates for ene-like reactions with strained alkenes and alkynes, which give rise to cyclobutenes decorated with highly-substituted cyclopropanes and arenes. The former products are obtained from highly stereoselective reactions with cyclopropenes, generated in situ from vinyl diazoacetates under blue light irradiation (440 nm). Cyclo-butenes featuring a quaternary aryl-bearing carbon atom are prepared from equivalent reactions with arynes, which proceed in high yields under mild conditions. Mechanistic studies highlight the importance of electronic effects in this chemistry, while computational investiga-tions support a concerted pathway, and rationalize the excellent stereoselectivity of reactions with cyclopropenes.


Ene reaction

Supplementary materials

Supporting Information
Experimental procedures, spectroscopic data, computation data, copies of 1H and 13C NMR spectra, X-ray crystallographic data


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