Air-stable Copolymer Exhibiting Near-Infrared Long-Persistent Luminescence

05 July 2023, Version 1
This content is a preprint and has not undergone peer review at the time of posting.


Organic materials exhibiting long-lasting emission in the near infrared are expected to have applications in bio-imaging and other areas. Although room temperature phosphorescence and thermally activated delayed fluorescence display long-lived emission of approximately one minute, organic long-persistent luminescence (OLPL) systems with a similar emission mechanism to inorganic persistent emitters can emit for several hours at room temperature. In particular, OLPL with a hole-diffusion mechanism can function even in the presence of oxygen. However, ionic materials lack long-term stability in neutral organic host owing to aggregation and phase separation. In this study, we synthesised polymers with stable near-infrared persistent luminescence at room temperature via the copolymerisation of electron donors and acceptors. The copolymers exhibit long-persistent luminescence (LPL) at temperatures below the glass transition temperature and can be excited by approximately the entire range of visible light. LPL properties and spectra can be controlled by the dopant.


Long-Persistent Luminescence
Charge separation
Charge recombination

Supplementary materials

Supplementary information
Methods, synthesis, characterizations, and supplementary data


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