Photoinduced dearomatization of (hetero)arenes catalyzed by polysulfide anions

21 June 2023, Version 1
This content is a preprint and has not undergone peer review at the time of posting.


The facile construction of C(sp3)-rich carbo- and heterocyclic compounds is a pivotal synthetic strategy to foster contemporary drug discovery programs. The downstream dearomatization of readily accessible two-dimensional (2D) planar arenes represents a direct pathway towards accessing three-dimensional (3D) aliphatic scaffolds. Here, we demonstrate that polysulfide anions are capable of catalyzing a dearomatization process of substituted naphthalenes, indoles, and other related heteroaromatic compounds in the presence of potassium formate and methanol under visible light irradiation. The developed protocol exhibits broad functional group tolerance, operational simplicity, scalability, and cost-effectiveness, representing a practical and sustainable alternative synthetic tool for the arene dearomatization.


Polysulfide anions
Single electron transfer

Supplementary materials

Supplemental Information
Materials and methods, experimental procedures, X-ray structure reports, and copies of NMR spectra.


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