MultiBinding Sites United in Covalent-Organic Frameworks (MSUCOF) for H2 Storage and Delivery at Room Temperature

19 June 2023, Version 1
This content is a preprint and has not undergone peer review at the time of posting.


The storage of hydrogen gas (\ce{H2}) has presented a significant challenge that has hindered its use as a fuel source for transportation. To meet the Department of Energy's ambitious goals of achieving 50 g L$^{-1}$ volumetric and 6.5 wt \% gravimetric uptake targets, materials-based approaches are essential. Designing materials that can efficiently store hydrogen gas requires careful tuning of the interactions between the gaseous \ce{H2} and the surface of the material. Metal-Organic Frameworks (MOFs) and Covalent-Organic Frameworks (COFs) have emerged as promising materials due to their exceptionally high surface areas and tunable structures that can improve gas-framework interactions. However, weak binding enthalpies have limited the success of many current candidates, which fail to achieve even 10 g L$^{-1}$ volumetric uptake at ambient temperatures. To overcome this challenge, We utilized quantum mechanical (QM) based force fields (FF) to investigate the uptake and binding enthalpies of 3 linkers chelated with 7 different transition metals (TM), including both precious metals (Pd and Pt) and first row TM (Co, Cu, Fe, Ni, Mn), to design 24 different COFs in-silico. By applying QM-based FF with grand canonical Monte Carlo (GCMC) from 0-700 bar and 298 K, We demonstrated that Co-, Ni-, Mn-, Fe-, Pd-, and Pt-based MSUCOFs can already achieve the Department of Energy's hydrogen storage targets for 2025. Surprisingly, the COFs that incorporated the more affordable and abundant first-row TM often outperformed the precious metals. This promising development brings us one step closer to realizing a hydrogen-based energy economy.


Comments are not moderated before they are posted, but they can be removed by the site moderators if they are found to be in contravention of our Commenting Policy [opens in a new tab] - please read this policy before you post. Comments should be used for scholarly discussion of the content in question. You can find more information about how to use the commenting feature here [opens in a new tab] .
This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy [opens in a new tab] and Terms of Service [opens in a new tab] apply.