Unambiguous molecular characterization of solid electrolyte interphase species on graphite negative electrodes

09 June 2023, Version 1
This content is a preprint and has not undergone peer review at the time of posting.


Performances of lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) are closely related to the control of solid-electrolyte interface (SEI) stability. To decrease the capacity losses linked to the build-up of this interface or potentially reverse such losses, electrolyte formulations have been continuously optimized over years to evaluate how they affect SEI. However, direct molecular characterization of the diverse interphases remains extremely challenging. Herein, we report the molecular imaging of SEI components formed on graphite electrodes by laser desorption ionization (LDI) coupled to ultrahigh-resolution Fourier Transform Ion Cyclotron Resonance Mass Spectrometry (FT-ICR MS). By exploiting the surface analysis offered by LDI combined with the molecular formula attributions provided by the FT-ICR MS, it is possible to unambiguously identify/exclude suspected molecules in the SEI such as lithium ethylene dicarbonate and lithium ethylene mono carbonate. Moreover, thousands of unknown species were observed, which could be exploited for further understanding of the surface composition. We believe this methodology to be a critical advance for the design of high-performance LiBs.


Solid-electrolyte interphase
Lithium-ion battery
Mass spectrometry imaging
high resolution mass spectrometry
Molecular identification

Supplementary materials

Supporting information
Additional Figures and data


Comments are not moderated before they are posted, but they can be removed by the site moderators if they are found to be in contravention of our Commenting Policy [opens in a new tab] - please read this policy before you post. Comments should be used for scholarly discussion of the content in question. You can find more information about how to use the commenting feature here [opens in a new tab] .
This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy [opens in a new tab] and Terms of Service [opens in a new tab] apply.