Evaporation and Scattering of Neon, Methane, and Water from a Dodecane Flat Liquid Jet

07 June 2023, Version 1
This content is a preprint and has not undergone peer review at the time of posting.


The evaporation and scattering of Ne, CD4, and D2O from a dodecane flat liquid jet are investigated in a molecular beam apparatus. The experiment yields translational energy distributions as a function of scattering angle by means of a rotatable mass spectrometer. In the evaporation experiments, one observes a Maxwell–Boltzmann distribution with a cosθ angular distribution superimposed on a weak, isotropic background. The scattering experiments show contributions from impulsive scattering and thermal desorption. At select incident angles for the three systems, the angular distribution for the impulsive scattering channel peaks slightly beyond the specular angle, an effect attributed to anisotropic momentum transfer to the liquid surface. The impulsive scattering channel is analyzed with a soft-sphere model to explore energy transfer between the scatterer and liquid as a function of deflection angle. Compared to Ne scattering, the polyatomic gases exhibit more thermal desorption and, in the impulsive scattering channel, a higher degree of internal excitation.


molecular beam scattering
gas-liquid interface
flat liquid jet


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