Water Oil Emulsions Studied by Vibrational Sum Frequency Generation

05 June 2023, Version 1
This content is a preprint and has not undergone peer review at the time of posting.


Interfacial interactions between water and oil phases are present in various fields, in which other additives, such as surfactants, are utilized to minimize the surface stress between these phases to form an emulsion. However, the consequence of adding additives is not always easy to understand or to control, due to the plethora of parameters that control the production of an emulsion phase. There are several macroscopic techniques to study the properties of emulsions. Nevertheless, these techniques cannot describe the mechanistic steps at molecular level for interfaces with nanometer thicknesses. Among surface sensitive techniques, VSFG (vibrational sum frequency generation) has been utilized to study various parameters that control the formation of surfactant monolayers at water-oil interfaces. In this brief-review, basics about utilization of VSFG along with recent advances for studying the water-oil interfaces will be presented, aiming at familiarizing other scientists with the current understanding of the water-oil interfaces as studied by VSFG


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