Materials informatics and cheminformatics struggle with data scarcity, hindering the extraction of significant relationships between structures and properties. The "Ugly Duckling" theorem, suggesting the difficulty of data processing without assumptions or prior knowledge, exacerbates this problem. Current methodologies don't entirely bypass this theorem and may lead to decreased accuracy with unfamiliar data. We propose using Open AI GPT-4 language model for explanatory variable selection, leveraging its extensive knowledge and logical reasoning capabilities to embed domain knowledge in tasks predicting structure-property correlations, such as the refractive index of polymers. This can partially overcome challenges posed by the "Ugly Duckling" theorem and limited data availability.
Using GPT-4 in Parameter Selection of Materials Informatics: Improving Predictive Accuracy Amidst Data Scarcity and 'Ugly Duckling' Dilemma
30 May 2023, Version 1
This content is a preprint and has not undergone peer review at the time of posting.